Black Sea Container Market Review 2013

Black Sea container terminals of Ukraine, Romania, Russia, and Bulgaria handled 2 636 998 TEU for 2013, including empty containers, excluding transshipment. This review observes only full containers of the region – 1 842 866 TEU. Total growth reached by these five countries for the period is 12,01% compared to the same period last year.

BlackSea_turnoverIn 2013 general increase in laden containers was 12,01%.

The largest increases were in Ukraine and Romania, respectively. Although Bulgaria was down for the first half of 2013, they ended showing slight gains over year period.




Full containers turnover by countries, TEU

Country 2013, TEU full 2012, TEU full Growth,%
Ukraine 530 177 634 359 19,65%
Russia 441 557 460 570 4,31%
Romania 335 149 381 135 13,72%
Georgia 204 390 225 756 10,45%
Bulgaria 134 069 141 046 5,20%
Total 1 645 342 1 842 866 12,01%

During this period, 61,35% of the full containers handled were imported, with 38,65% of the volume being exported. It is estimated that 69,88% of the containers were full and 30,12% were empties.

61,35% of Black Sea volumes is import

Export volumes from the aforementioned countries increased by 19,33% relative to 2012. The highest export growth was reached by Ukraine – 50,13% and Romania – 22,97%. Export volumes decreased in Russia – 17,28%, and in Georgia and Bulgaria was a small increase. Imports to the region increased by 7,84%, thanks mainly to Russian volumes – 13,17%. Import volumes for the period increased almost in all countries except Romania.

Ukraine had a record increase of full export volumes – 50,13%
Thus the percentage of volume handled by each country distributed as follows:  Ukraine – 34,42%, Russia (Black Sea) – 24,99%, Romania – 20,68%, Georgia – 12,25%, Bulgaria – 7,65%.

BlackSea_shares_containersBlack Sea countries shares by full containers turnover, 2013

The top-five container terminals of the region for 2013 didn’t change their positions in total volumes handled: DPW (Constanta, Romania), HPC Ukraine (Odessa, Ukraine), Novoroslesexport (Novorossyisk, Russia), CTI (Ilyichevsk, Ukraine), APMT Poti (Georgia).  All of them showed growth with the exception of CTI (Ilyichevsk, Ukraine).



Black Sea Container Terminals shares by total turnover, 2013

As for the Lines in the region, the leaders remained the same: MSC, Maersk Line, ZIM and CMA CGM. Mentioned carriers control 63,35% of this market.

MSC, Maersk Line, ZIM и CMA CGM controls 63,35% of Black Sea market

Lines’ shares in the Black Sea region by full containers turnover, 2013 

Starting from the middle of September 2013 the service of former G6 was re-built (Hapag Lloyd, OOCL, MOL, NYK, HMM, APL).  Nevertheless its members managed to increase their total market share for the period from 8,32% to 10,11%.